Picturing Pain and Recovery

Addiction is a deeply personal and often hidden struggle that affects millions of people worldwide. While words can convey the complexities and hardships of addiction, images offer a unique and powerful way to capture the raw emotions, physical toll, and hopeful journeys of recovery. The visual journey of addiction, depicted through photographs and other visual media, provides an unfiltered look into the lives of those affected and serves as a crucial tool for awareness, empathy, and advocacy.

The Power of Visual Storytelling

Visual storytelling has a profound impact on how we perceive and understand addiction. Photographs and videos can convey the stark realities of substance abuse, from the desolate environments where people may use drugs to the intimate moments of vulnerability and despair. These images can evoke strong emotional responses, fostering empathy and understanding in viewers who may not have direct experience with addiction.

Documentary photographers and filmmakers often spend significant time with their subjects, building trust and capturing candid moments that reveal the true nature of addiction. This immersive approach ensures that the stories are told with authenticity and sensitivity, providing a platform for the voices of those who are often marginalized or misunderstood.

Depicting the Physical and Emotional Toll

Images of addiction frequently highlight the physical toll that substance abuse takes on the body. Before-and-after photos of individuals can show dramatic changes in appearance, reflecting the health consequences of long-term drug or alcohol use. These visual contrasts can be shocking and serve as a stark reminder of the destructive power of addiction.

Beyond physical changes, images can also capture the emotional and psychological impacts. Portraits of individuals struggling with addiction often reveal deep-seated pain, loneliness, and hopelessness in their expressions. These visual cues help to humanize the issue, reminding viewers that behind every statistic is a person with a unique story and a complex set of emotions.

Hope and Recovery

While images of addiction often focus on the darker aspects, they also play a crucial role in documenting hope and recovery. Photographs of individuals in treatment, participating in support groups, or rebuilding their lives illustrate the possibility of overcoming addiction. These positive images can inspire others who are struggling and provide a visual testament to the resilience and strength of the human spirit.

Recovery journeys are diverse, and visual media can capture the myriad ways people find healing. From artistic expression and physical fitness to community engagement and spiritual practices, images of recovery highlight the different paths to sobriety and well-being. These representations can challenge stereotypes and broaden the understanding of what recovery looks like.

Raising Awareness and Advocating for Change

The visual journey of addiction is not just about individual stories; it also serves a broader purpose of raising awareness and advocating for systemic change. Powerful images can be used in public health campaigns, educational materials, and advocacy efforts to highlight the urgent need for better prevention, treatment, and support services.

Photographers and filmmakers who focus on addiction often collaborate with nonprofit organizations, health agencies, and community groups to disseminate their work and drive social change. By bringing the realities of addiction into the public eye, these visual stories can influence policy, reduce stigma, and encourage compassionate responses to the addiction crisis.

The visual journey of addiction, captured through powerful and evocative images, plays a vital role in shaping our understanding of this complex issue. By depicting the pain, resilience, and recovery of those affected by addiction, these images foster empathy, raise awareness, and advocate for meaningful change. In a world where addiction is often hidden in the shadows, visual storytelling shines a light on the human faces behind the struggle, reminding us of our shared humanity and the hope that exists even in the darkest of times.

Using Visuals to Illuminate the Path to Recovery from Addiction

In the journey towards recovery from addiction, various approaches are employed to guide individuals through the process of healing and transformation. While traditional methods such as counseling and support groups play crucial roles, the power of visuals in illuminating the path to recovery should not be underestimated. Visual aids, ranging from photographs and infographics to videos and artwork, have the capacity to convey complex emotions, insights, and messages in a way that resonates deeply with individuals struggling with addiction. This article explores the significance of using visuals as a tool for navigating the recovery journey and highlights their effectiveness in promoting healing and transformation.

1. Eliciting Emotional Responses: Visuals have a unique ability to evoke emotions and stir empathy, making them powerful tools for individuals grappling with addiction. Photographs depicting the devastating consequences of substance abuse, such as deteriorating health, strained relationships, and legal troubles, can elicit strong emotional responses, prompting individuals to confront the reality of their situation and consider seeking help. By portraying both the struggles and triumphs of recovery, visuals offer hope and inspiration to those embarking on the path to sobriety.

2. Enhancing Understanding: Addiction is a complex and multifaceted condition that can be difficult to comprehend fully. Visual aids can simplify complex concepts and facilitate understanding by presenting information in a clear and concise manner. Infographics and diagrams illustrating the physiological effects of drugs on the brain, the cycle of addiction, and the stages of recovery can enhance individuals’ understanding of the underlying mechanisms driving their behavior. This increased awareness empowers individuals to make informed decisions and take proactive steps towards recovery.

3. Fostering Connection: Recovery from addiction often involves feelings of isolation and alienation. Visuals have the power to bridge the gap between individuals by fostering a sense of connection and shared experience. Artwork created by individuals in recovery can serve as a form of self-expression and communication, enabling them to convey their thoughts, struggles, and aspirations to others in a meaningful way. By sharing their stories through visual mediums, individuals can connect with others who may be going through similar challenges, providing mutual support and encouragement.

4. Inspiring Motivation: The journey to recovery is fraught with challenges, and maintaining motivation can be a constant struggle. Visuals that depict the transformative power of recovery can serve as a source of inspiration and motivation for individuals on their path to sobriety. Success stories captured through photographs or videos showcase the resilience and determination of those who have overcome addiction, instilling hope and confidence in others facing similar battles. These visual narratives remind individuals that recovery is possible and that every step forward brings them closer to a brighter future.

5. Encouraging Reflection: Visuals invite individuals to pause, reflect, and contemplate their experiences in a way that words alone cannot achieve. Photographs capturing moments of joy, sorrow, and self-discovery throughout the recovery journey prompt individuals to reflect on their own lives and examine their motivations, values, and goals. Artistic expressions of struggle and triumph provide a medium for introspection and self-expression, allowing individuals to explore their emotions and experiences in a safe and creative space.

In conclusion, the use of visuals in addiction recovery represents a valuable and often underutilized resource in supporting individuals on their journey towards healing and transformation. By harnessing the power of images, artwork, and multimedia presentations, practitioners and individuals alike can effectively convey messages of hope, understanding, and connection, ultimately facilitating positive change and promoting long-term recovery.

Visualizing the Health Journey of Addiction

In the complex terrain of addiction, where words often fall short in expressing the intricacies of the health journey, visuals take center stage. Through the lens of photography, art, and imagery, we embark on a visual exploration of the health journey of addiction. Beyond the statistics and medical jargon, these images paint a poignant and evocative narrative, shedding light on the multifaceted aspects of addiction and its impact on physical, mental, and emotional well-being.

1. Portraits of Resilience:

In the realm of addiction, portraits become more than just snapshots; they become windows into the resilience of the human spirit. Visualizing the health journey of addiction often begins with portraits of individuals who navigate the complexities of recovery. These images capture the strength, determination, and vulnerability that define the journey toward wellness. Portraits of resilience emphasize the transformative power of the human experience, showcasing the individuals behind the health statistics.

2. The Dual Nature of Health:

Images have the unique ability to convey the dual nature of health in addiction—both the visible and the invisible. A photograph might capture the external signs of physical decline, such as the toll on one’s skin, eyes, or overall appearance. Simultaneously, it can also portray the invisible battles within, where mental and emotional health grapple with the shadows cast by addiction. Visualizing this dual nature prompts a deeper understanding of the holistic impact of addiction on health.

3. Symbolism and Metaphor:

Visualizing the health journey of addiction often involves the use of symbolism and metaphor to convey nuanced aspects of the experience. Artistic representations, such as a chained heart or a fractured mirror, can evoke powerful emotions and speak to the internal struggles that accompany addiction. These symbolic images serve as a bridge, connecting viewers to the emotional landscape of those grappling with health challenges in the throes of addiction.

4. Before and After Narratives:

Before-and-after images serve as a compelling visual tool in illustrating the transformative power of recovery. These narratives document the physical, mental, and emotional evolution of individuals as they progress along their health journey. The contrast between the depths of addiction and the milestones of recovery becomes vivid, offering a tangible representation of the positive changes that can unfold with commitment, support, and resilience.

5. Environmental Impact:

Beyond individual portraits, visualizing the health journey of addiction extends to capturing the environmental impact. Images may depict the settings where addiction takes its toll, from dimly lit alleys to sterile hospital rooms. Conversely, they may showcase the transformative environments of recovery—supportive communities, therapeutic spaces, and the healing embrace of nature. These visual narratives highlight the profound influence of surroundings on health outcomes.

6. Hopeful Horizons:

Images of hope become beacons guiding individuals on their health journey through addiction. Sunsets symbolize the promise of a new day, and images of hands reaching for each other signify the interconnected support crucial in the recovery process. By visualizing hopeful horizons, these images inspire a sense of optimism, encouraging individuals to envision a healthier future and fostering a collective understanding of the transformative possibilities inherent in the journey of recovery.

In conclusion, visualizing the health journey of addiction transcends the limitations of words, offering a profound and emotive insight into the complexities of this experience. Through the lens of photography, art, and imagery, we gain a deeper appreciation for the resilience, struggles, and triumphs that define the health journey of those grappling with addiction. These visuals serve not only as a means of understanding but also as a catalyst for empathy, compassion, and collective efforts to support the well-being of individuals on their path to recovery.

A Photographic Journey into the Health Realities of Addiction

In the realm of healthcare, addiction is a complex and multifaceted challenge that profoundly impacts individuals physically, mentally, and emotionally. Attempting to encapsulate the health realities of addiction through a visual medium creates a unique opportunity for both understanding and empathy. In this article, we embark on a photographic journey into the health realities of addiction, delving into images that aim to convey the nuanced and often overlooked aspects of this complex condition.

  1. Faces of Struggle: Portraits that Convey the Personal Toll

Photographs capturing the faces of individuals grappling with addiction provide a poignant starting point for our journey. These portraits aim to convey the personal toll of addiction, illustrating the strain it places on physical health, mental well-being, and the overall demeanor of those affected. The raw emotions etched on these faces serve as a visual narrative, inviting viewers to witness the human side of the health challenges posed by addiction.

  1. The Physical Impact: Visualizing the Toll on the Body

Images that focus on the physical impact of addiction shed light on the toll it takes on the human body. Close-ups of deteriorating health, skin conditions, and the physical consequences of substance abuse aim to create a visual dialogue about the direct impact on overall well-being. Through these visuals, the viewer is confronted with the stark reality of how addiction manifests physically, urging a deeper understanding of the health challenges individuals face.

  1. Striving for Normalcy: Photographs of Everyday Battles

In our photographic journey, we explore images that depict individuals affected by addiction in their everyday lives. These pictures aim to capture the struggles of maintaining normalcy amid the chaos of addiction. Whether it’s a parent striving to provide for their family or an individual attempting to fulfill daily responsibilities, these photographs unveil the inherent challenges and the resilience required to navigate health realities while battling addiction.

  1. Treatment and Recovery: Visual Stories of Hope

While acknowledging the hardships, our journey also incorporates images that convey the hope embedded in the process of treatment and recovery. Photographs capturing therapy sessions, support networks, and moments of triumph serve as powerful testaments to the possibility of healing. These visuals emphasize that, despite the profound health challenges, recovery is achievable and that every step towards a healthier life is a cause for celebration.

  1. Community Impact: The Ripple Effect of Addiction’s Health Consequences

Our visual exploration extends beyond individual portraits to showcase the community impact of addiction. Images that capture the ripple effect on families, friends, and broader social circles emphasize the interconnected nature of health consequences. By visualizing the communal dimension, these photographs encourage a broader conversation about the collective responsibility in addressing and mitigating the health effects of addiction.


A photographic journey into the health realities of addiction serves as a powerful tool for fostering understanding, empathy, and advocacy. Through carefully curated images, viewers can grasp the multifaceted impact of addiction on physical health, mental well-being, and the broader community. This visual exploration strives to break down stereotypes, ignite conversations, and inspire collective action towards creating a society that embraces both the struggles and triumphs inherent in the journey to health and recovery from addiction. By harnessing the emotive power of images, we embark on a journey that seeks to promote awareness, reduce stigma, and contribute to a more compassionate and informed approach to addiction and its health challenges.

Examining Visual Representations of Drug Abuse and Substance Misuse

Addiction is a prevalent problem among adults and adolescents in the United States and the world. The addictive substances can range from alcohol and drugs to smoking, gambling, and even food. In many cases, those who are addicted have no hope of overcoming their addictions without outside help. Thankfully, there are many resources and treatment options available to those suffering from addiction. Unfortunately, these individuals often have to struggle against the stigma associated with being an addict.

Images of addiction are an effective tool for examining addictions and their effects. In today’s world, there are many images of addiction available that can inform how people think about and treat those with addictions. From documentaries and TV shows to harrowing photos online, people are often inundated with these images. It is clear that these visuals have the potential to shape how individuals perceive addiction and other drug-related issues.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has created various visual depictions of addiction to educate the public about its damaging effects. By examining these images, we can see the toll that addiction takes on individuals and their families. They also can provide insight into how addiction develops and the potential paths to recovery.

One of the most iconic images of addiction is the “Just Say No” campaign, which was developed in the 1980s. The image features a large white billboard with the phrase “Just Say No” written in bold black letters. The billboard was intended to encourage young people to stay away from drugs, but it was also seen as a reminder that addiction was a serious issue. This image is still widely used today to remind individuals of the dangers of addiction.

Another image of addiction that has been used for decades is the silhouette of a human figure behind bars. This image is often used in public service announcements and can serve as a stark reminder of the potential consequences of drug use. While it does not directly show addiction in progress, its visual symbolism serves as a warning about the consequences that may result from drug use or other forms of addiction.

In more recent years, images of addiction have taken on a more personal and direct approach. One powerful image that has gained traction is the “Faces of Addiction” campaign, which was created by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). This campaign features the photos of real people who have dealt with addiction, as well as interviews with some individuals about their stories. These photos and stories provide valuable insight into the reality of addiction and how it can affect individuals and their families.

Images of addiction can also be used in an artistic sense to capture the beauty of addiction and recovery. Documentary filmmaker Dinesh Sabu created a powerful documentary titled “Stolen Dreams” that highlights the stories of several young people who were affected by addiction. The film combines gripping firsthand accounts with captivating imagery that opens up a window into the world of addiction.

Images of addiction can be a powerful tool for examining addiction and its consequences. By looking at these images, we can better understand what addiction looks like and how it can affect individuals and their families. We can also learn more about how to treat and manage addictions. Images of addiction can provide a valuable resource for learning more about the issue as well as providing a much-needed reminder that addiction is a serious issue that must be addressed.

Exploring the Health Condition of Addiction

Addiction is a serious and potentially life-threatening health condition and can cause physical, emotional, and psychological damage to individuals, their families, and their communities. It is often called substance use disorder, and it is characterized by a compulsive use of substances despite adverse consequences or a preoccupation with the substance or activity in question. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that as of 2020, over 20 million people age 12 and older were living with a substance use disorder.

When it comes to addiction, it’s important to recognize the serious and lingering consequences that accompany the condition. To begin, when individuals suffer from substance use disorder, they are more prone to danger such as HIV, Hepatitis B and C, suicide, accidental death, and more. Furthermore, it has been found that the health risks associated with substance use disorder can also lead to its own set on chronic and acute health conditions, such as chronic respiratory disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and stroke.

In addition to physical health conditions, addiction can also have a negative impact on one’s mental and emotional health. Individuals who struggle with addiction can experience an array of mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and feelings of worthlessness due to their relationship with substances. On top of this, individuals who are involved in addiction can also experience difficulty in forming and maintaining relationships with family, friends, and even co-workers.

When it comes to addiction, it’s important to note that it does not have to be regarded as a life-long prison sentence. Treatment options are available, and that is where individuals can begin their journey of recovery. Treatment approaches can be tailored to meet a person’s needs, and may include medications, talk therapy, behavioral therapy, and/or residential or inpatient treatments depending on the severity of the situation.

To begin your journey of addiction recovery, it’s important to seek help as soon as possible. There are a wide range of resources available, including online support groups, community resources, and addiction treatment centers. Furthermore, it’s important to recognize that no one is alone in this fight; there are individuals and organizations readily available to help you on your journey.

Addiction does not have to be a lifelong battle. With the proper treatment and support, individuals have the opportunity to attain lifelong recovery and regain their own independence. While addiction can cause many difficulties, exploring the health of addiction can bring an individual closer to realizing their own agency.

How the Media’s Representation of Substance Abuse Affects Public Perception

Whether it’s images of someone drunkenly stumbling around or someone popping pills and needing a fix, addiction is often portrayed in the media in a negative light in order to evoke feelings of fear and judgment. While the media’s representation of addiction might serve to inform society of the consequences of this disease, it also has the effect of perpetuating stigma and misunderstanding, ultimately causing harm to those struggling with substance abuse disorder (SUD).

Firstly, it should be noted that addiction is an incredibly complex and multifaceted disorder that does not discriminate. It can affect anyone, regardless of demographic or socioeconomic status. However, the media often fails to reflect this complexity, instead opting to use oversimplified and distorted images of addiction, particularly of opioids.

For example, when the opioid epidemic is talked about in the news or on shows like Intervention, it is typically done in a sensationalist manner. Constant references to addicts as “drug-seekers” and “junkies,” as well as the popularized image of a homeless person injecting heroin in an alleyway reveal a pervasive and damaging misunderstanding of addiction and its root causes. This narrative serves to demonize those who struggle with addiction rather than humanize them and thus decreases public empathy toward those most in need of help.

Similarly, the media too often portrays the journey to recovery as a straightforward path of extreme interventions, taking shape in the form of drastic measures such as forcible detox, “tough love,” and arrests. However, the reality is that addiction recovery is a complex and individualistic process that will often involve long-term treatment programs such as counseling and medication, as well as peer-support groups and lifestyle management.

To make matters worse, the media’s narrow representation of substance abusers fails to show how the socioeconomic context plays a central role in addiction. Those affected by addiction are often poorer communities who are only doing what they can to cope with the circumstances they find themselves in. Further, these communities are often marginalized and lack access to health and employment services which could help prevent them from falling into the cycle of chronic substance abuse. The media’s neglect of this important component of addiction only serves to fuel the cycle of stigma and misunderstanding.

The social implications of the media’s heavy-handed and myopic representation of addiction should not be underestimated. The images that we see on television, movies, and even in advertising act as powerful cues that can either serve to educate or misinform our understanding of a certain topic. In the case of addiction, the same images have been recycled over and over again to the point where they act as a gravitational point of reference. In this way, they become the starting point from which our understanding of addiction is formed, and this missing nuance can have devastating consequences for those suffering with the disorder.

To effectively and accurately portray addiction, the media must move away from a single-minded and judgmental narrative and instead focus on providing a more complete and respectful representation of those suffering from substance abuse disorder. This will require media outlets to investigate and explore the real stories of those struggling with addiction, showing the complexity and diversity of their stories and experiences. A more compassionate and well-rounded portrayal of the disease would serve to challenge existing stereotypes and lessen the stigma associated with it.

By expanding the conversation around addiction beyond the sensationalized images that are often depicted in the media, society can start to create an environment of understanding, support, and empathy. This in turn, can offer a safe space for those affected by the disorder to come forward and seek help without the fear of stigma. Such an approach is an essential step to reducing the burden attendant to addiction and developing preventative solutions.

5 things not to say to someone who is addicted

When you find out that someone is addicted, it is important to be careful of the things you say to them. Addicted individuals are very sensitive to words, what you say can determine if they will go in for treatment or not.

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This is one of the reasons why addicts and their loved ones usually experience conflicts because there’s an unhealthy trade of words that is not beneficial to both parties.

Here are some of the things you should not mention to an addict

“It’s your fault”

Many people who are not addicted are in the habit of telling addicts that it’s their fault for getting addicted. It is important to mention that no one wakes up in the morning, and decides that they want to be addicted.

For some people, it was a case of curiosity, others were probably influenced by their peers. Some people who got addicted were maybe looking for a way out of any problem they were facing.

Telling an addict that it’s their fault discourages them from seeking help.

“You’re better than this”

When you tell someone this statement, it might mean that you expected more from them, and they didn’t meet up with the standard you created for them.

Even the smartest or most intelligent people are likely to be addicted, so it’s not really their fault.

“I’m disappointed in you”

If you don’t want to bring an addict crumbling to their needs, avoid saying these words. Instead of saying this word, you can acknowledge that you’re hurt, but you remain confident that they will pull through.

“I don’t associate with addicts”

Addicts don’t really associate with other people because of the stigmatization that comes with their disorder. When you tell an addict this statement, it means you are trying to remove them from your life.

“Why don’t you get help”

Not every addict has the courage to seek help. Hence, instead of quizzing them as to why they didn’t get help, encourage them to visit an addiction treatment center.

When dealing with addicts, remember to use caring and soothing words that will make them feel better. Using the words mentioned in this post can do more harm than good.

Signs that someone is addicted

Addiction is divided into two major types namely substance addiction and behavioral addiction.

Substance addiction is when an individual is hooked on drugs and alcohol. While behavioral addiction occurs when an individual is addicted to habits like food, sex, shopping, video gaming, and gambling addiction.

When it comes to identifying an addicted person, the signs are usually similar, irrespective of the addiction type.

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Here are some ways to know if someone is addicted or not.


It is normal to crave privacy from time to time. However, when it becomes a norm, you can tell that something is wrong. If the person starts to keep to themselves more often without any reason, they might be addicted.

They will prefer staying on their own most time, and they begin to avoid family and friends.

If they manage to go for an occasion, they will keep their distance from familiar people, especially if they are suffering from substance addiction.

Decline in productivity

Another way to know when someone is addicted is when they become less productive. They will find it difficult to meet up with deadlines, and their performance will drop below par.

Some of them might stay late at the office to carry out their addiction.

If the individual is a student, their performance at school might not be up to expectation because they will be more focused on their addiction than academics.

Financial problems

Addicted individuals usually run into financial issues. Some of them have huge debts that they are unable to pay because of their addictive habits.

For instance, those involved in alcohol and drug addiction are more likely to experience money problems than those dealing with a behavioral addiction.

Physical signs/Overall appearance

Spotting the physical signs of addiction applies more to people dealing with substance addiction. You will notice some alterations to their physical appearance, which is beyond normal.  

Some of these physical signs are bloodshot eyes, overweight/underweight, slurred speech frequent itching, lack of personal grooming, etc.

If you identify these signs in yourself or someone you know, it is best to consult an addiction treatment specialist for help. They are great at providing the best treatment for addicts.


The World Health Organisation defines mental health as a state of wellbeing whereby a person can cope with the normal stressors of life, he/she realizes where her strengths lie, is able to work with them towards being productive and thus contributes positively to the community.

Generally, people believe mental health to be the exact opposite of mental illness, that is, the absence of any form of mental illness such as anxiety or abnormal behavioural patterns, and this is true, though not so limited.

A number of times, a balance between performing expected responsibilities, taking rests, meeting set targets, could give peace in a way that you feel mentally healthy, however, in some cases, it transcends that. A number of factors have been thought to play roles in the mental health of individuals:

  • Genetic

The biological heritage of an individual could contribute to how mentally healthy they remain. It has been suggested that a family history of mental illness could contribute to the development of same traits by members of that family.

  • Pressure

The world is changing so quickly and it could sometimes look like you are being left behind, or that while some of your peers are catching up with the pace, you are barely breathing. This feeling could cause undue pressure which sometimes causes individuals to slip into depression.

  • And many other risk factors such as traumatic experiences, brain damage, alcohol or drug abuse

Mental illness is a broad umbrella for a lot of disorders, some of which are discussed below:

  • Anxiety Disorder: This is a case of constant worry and fear, worse still, they are usually overwhelming.

Other disorders that could be classified under Anxiety disorder are; panic disorder which is feeling terrified randomly without any known cause, it could be characterized by trembling, pounding heart, chest pain, chills or feelings of being stifled.

There is also phobia which is the fear of specific stuff, such as the fear of heights. There is the generalized anxiety disorder which is being unnecessarily under excessive tension.

Depression: Declared by the WHO as capable of stimulating suicide, depression is a mental illness that causes a continuous feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

It is usually characterized by anger, tiredness, slow thinking, weight loss or weight gain and suicidal thoughts. Some suggested risk factors are brain chemistry, hormonal imbalance and inherited traits.

Bipolar disorder: this is a mental disorder that causes unwarranted change in mood, concentration, energy or activity levels. It is usually a swing between energized behavior (manic episodes) and depressive or hopeless states (depressive episodes)

It is possible that a person experiences disorders different from the aforementioned and such diagnosis are often classified under ‘other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders.’ Genetics and brain structure & functioning are likely risk factors of bipolar disorders.

Other problems of mental illness may be inflicting self-harm, sleep problems, psychosis etc.